What is Green card?
A Green Card or Permanent Resident Card serves as proof of a
person's lawful permanent resident status in the United States.
An individual with a Green Card has the right to live and work
permanently in the United States. A personís valid Green Card
also means that he or she is registered in the U.S. in
accordance with United States immigration law.
Benefits of getting green card
You will become permanent resident in US. You
can live in USA without any visa like H1B, F1 etc..
You are allowed start
own Business in USA.
You can apply for
citizenship of USA
Different Ways to get Green card
5 main ways an individual can obtain permanent residency or
green card for United States:
Sponsorship by an employer - Your employer / company
can sponser you greencard. With in this there are few catogories
EB1, EB2, EB3, EB4, EB5. Most familiar ones are EB1, EB2, EB3.
Masters Students / Phd degree holders in USA (F1 Visa)and H1B visa holders generally get
greencard in this way.
Entrepreneurs (and their spouses and unmarried
children under 21) who make an investment in a commercial
enterprise in the United States and who plan to create or
preserve ten permanent full time jobs for qualified United
States workers, are eligible to apply for a green card
(permanent residence). Up to 10,000 visas may be authorized each
fiscal year for eligible entrepreneurs. You must invest
$1,000,000, or at least $500,000 in a targeted employment area
(high unemployment or rural area). In return, USCIS may grant
conditional permanent residence to the individual.
Sponsorship by a close family member who lives in USA -
Your relatives in USA who
are citizens of US can sponsor you green card.
card lottery - For
Citizen from certain countries,
United States Government issues 50,000 permanent
Green Cards every year through the Diversity Immigrant Visa
the Green Card Lottery. Applicants are selected randomly by a
computer generated drawing If you are selected, you and your
family will be authorized to live and work permanently in the
Asylum & refugee status -
Asylum is a form of relief and protection
available to foreign nationals who have been persecuted or have
a well-found fear of future persecution on account of their
race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social
group, or political opinion, if they were to return to their
home country or country of last habitual residence. Foreign
nationals who are arriving or already in the U.S., regardless of
their immigration status, can apply for asylum.
In the next article we discuss about
Sponsorship by an employer in Detail.